Some investors draw parallels between the Nasdaq Composite index now versus that of the late 1990s and early 2000, but there may be more to the story.
Technology has delivered many amazing advancements for humankind, but, alas, a time machine isn’t one of them.
Nonetheless, the recent tumble in U.S. technology stocks, like many such downdrafts preceding it, inevitably conjures a trip back to the winter and spring of 2000. March of that year marked the bursting of the 1990s tech bubble, with the Nasdaq Composite Index (COMP) closing at a then-record 5,046.86, and proceeding to lose nearly 75 percent of its value by late 2002.
On June 8, 2017, the Nasdaq closed at a record 6,321.76. The next day, tech shares took a 2 1/2% tumble, followed by a 0.5% slide on Monday, June 12.
The sell-off was triggered in part by a report from a Goldman Sachs (GS) analyst, who wrote that the recent tech rally “evoked memories (nightmares?) for some investors of the last euphoric Nasdaq run, including yours truly,” according to news reports.
So, are we facing down a possible 2000-style repeat? Not necessarily, some market professionals say – sizing up the tech universe of 2017 against its 2000 counterpart is hardly an apples-to-apples comparison. So, so much has changed. But investors would be wise to consider several factors:
The Nasdaq Composite’s price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio for the trailing 12 months is currently around 27, up from about 22.5 last year at this time, according to the Wall Street Journal. (In 1999-2000, the Nasdaq P/E surpassed 100, according to Nasdaq data).
For certain Nasdaq components, P/Es are even more extreme, at just under or just above 200. Investors may want to ask themselves, how much more upside can there be?
For retail investors, “they are likely looking at lower long-term returns when buying stocks at an above-average P/E multiple,” says Patrick O'Hare, chief market analyst at Briefing.com, noting that the persistently low interest rates we’ve had for several years can fuel speculation.
While many companies in the Nasdaq carry lofty valuations, there are good reasons for that: so many people use their products and services.
Furthermore, how we value businesses in today’s digital, mobile age is different in several ways from 17 years ago.
“It’s safe to say many Nasdaq companies have proven their viability as ongoing businesses,” says Shawn Cruz, Trader Content Specialist at TD Ameritrade.
“So I don’t think it’s entirely appropriate to compare the multiples today to the tech bubble as accounting rules and other factors have changed dramatically since then,” says Cruz. “You’re also seeing a significant increase in time spent online and transactions executed online over that time period as well.”
Cruz noted that a tech company may have what appears to be a high P/E; however, if you check a more present-day kind of gauge, such as “price-to-monthly-active-users,” the stock may be more in-line with its peers.
However profitable a tech company is, analysts’ stock ratings upgrades or downgrades, or other pronouncements, can move the share price higher or lower, so this bears watching.
Different types of tech companies are judged by different types of multiples, so investors should educate themselves on which metrics matter most to, for example, a social media site versus an online retailer.
Some industry analysts recently cited the growing, and perhaps disproportionate, influence of a handful of major tech names on the overall market.
The “High Five” of Apple (AAPL), Alphabet (GOOG, parent of Google), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon.com (AMZN) and Facebook (FB) currently have a combined market capitalization of $2.83 trillion, or approximately 13 percent of the S&P 500 market value, according to Briefing.com’s O’Hare.
A key question for investors: are you riding the trend, or following the crowd?
“More often than not,” says O’Hare, “when ‘everyone’ is buying the same stocks, and touting their respective prospects, is when a counter-trend move is prone to occur.”
“That’s because the pool of marginal buyers (or some might say ‘greater fools’) gets shallow, leaving the stocks more vulnerable to a profit-taking move that can feed on itself, as those in position to take profits don’t want to be the ones left holding the bag out of concern the selling activity could be the start of a larger, corrective move,” he says.
For investors who feel overexposed to a particular sector or stock, “it may be a good idea to consider hedging or portfolio rebalancing,” Cruz added.
Learn how certain techniques and charts can help you determine when to consider buying and selling stocks using technical analysis.
Do Not Sell or Share My Personal Information
Content intended for educational/informational purposes only. Not investment advice, or a recommendation of any security, strategy, or account type.
Be sure to understand all risks involved with each strategy, including commission costs, before attempting to place any trade. Clients must consider all relevant risk factors, including their own personal financial situations, before trading.
Stock investing involves risks including the possible loss of principal.
Investors cannot directly invest in an index.
Inclusion of specific security names in this commentary does not constitute a recommendation from TD Ameritrade to buy, sell, or hold.
Market volatility, volume, and system availability may delay account access and trade executions.
Past performance of a security or strategy does not guarantee future results or success.
Options are not suitable for all investors as the special risks inherent to options trading may expose investors to potentially rapid and substantial losses. Options trading subject to TD Ameritrade review and approval. Please read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before investing in options.
Supporting documentation for any claims, comparisons, statistics, or other technical data will be supplied upon request.
This is not an offer or solicitation in any jurisdiction where we are not authorized to do business or where such offer or solicitation would be contrary to the local laws and regulations of that jurisdiction, including, but not limited to persons residing in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UK, and the countries of the European Union.
TD Ameritrade, Inc., member FINRA/SIPC, a subsidiary of The Charles Schwab Corporation. TD Ameritrade is a trademark jointly owned by TD Ameritrade IP Company, Inc. and The Toronto-Dominion Bank. © 2023 Charles Schwab & Co. Inc. All rights reserved.