Time to Be Friends with Bears as Well as Bulls? Trading Both Sides

Consider making friends with the bears after all these years with strategies like shorting stocks or buying puts on stocks.

Print
https://tickertapecdn.tdameritrade.com/assets/images/pages/md/Tug of war: The bulls and bears are battling it out on the SPX. Can you trade both sides?
4 min read

It’s been a long, mostly steady trend higher in the stock market since the lows of the financial crisis all the way back in 2009. But the market stopped trending higher last year. And earlier this year, traders were reminded that stocks can, in fact, go down.

We’ve been covering the reasons for the rough start to this year. Kira Brecht has been following the drop in earnings estimates and the stock market’s obsession with crude oil. Meanwhile, Fred Ruffy has been tracking the nuances and shifts in volatility during these choppy first few months of the year.

These fundamental and structural signs seem to point to a change in the stock market’s character when compared to the last six years. The days of buying every dip and subsequently expecting the broader market to reach new all-time highs might be gone for a while.

The change is a bit clearer when studying the long-term technical position of the S&P 500 Index (SPX). You can see the consistent pattern of higher highs and higher lows in the SPX dating back to 2012 in figure 1. The pattern of higher highs and lows broke down last summer, and since then the SPX has been violently chopping sideways between about 1870 and 2100.

Break in the long-term SPX trend

FIGURE 1: BULLS AND BEARS BATTLE FOR CONTROL.

The SPX broke its pattern of higher highs and higher lows in the summer of 2015. Since then, the bears have been pressuring the SPX at 2100. Data source: NYSE. Chart source: the TD Ameritrade thinkorswim® platform. For illustrative purposes only. Past performance does not guarantee future results.

Adapting to a Trader’s Market

In response to the change in the broader market’s trend, some traders are reducing risk by trading smaller position sizes. This is something JJ Kinahan, chief market strategist at TD Ameritrade, has been talking about recently. The change in trend last year and subsequent uptick in volatility has created a “trader’s market,” Kinahan notes. He goes on to add that some traders are “trading perhaps smaller position sizes than they normally would.”

A “trader’s market” means there are opportunities for both bulls and bears. It means traders might consider making friends with the bears after all these years.

So, what are some bear-friendly trading approaches?

Short Stock: Unlimited Risk/Limited Reward

One of the basic ways to make friends with the bears is by shorting stock. To short a stock, a trader borrows shares from her broker and sells the stock in the market. To close a short position, the trader must eventually buy back the stock in the market and return the borrowed shares to the broker.

If the trader buys the stock back at a lower price, she earns a profit. Conversely, if she buys the stock back at a higher price, she records a loss.

Although shorting stock is a basic way to trade the bearish side of the market, it can be extremely risky. In fact, the risk of shorting a stock is theoretically unlimited because there’s no limit to how high stocks can trend. There is, however, a limit to how low stocks can trend: A stock can go as low as zero. This means the potential reward from shorting a stock is limited to the stock falling to zero minus transaction costs.

Long Put: Limited Risk/Limited Reward

Another way to make friends with the bears is to buy a put option. Options give traders the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell shares of the underlying stock at a specified price. A trader can buy and sell options from his broker provided he has the appropriate options trading approval.

If a trader buys a put option on a stock, he might earn a profit if the option rises in price and he sells for a profit or he buys shares of the stock at a low price in the open market and exercises the put to sell them at the strike price. Conversely, if a trader buys a put option he might experience a loss if the option falls in price and he sells or it expires worthless.

An important difference between shorting stock and buying puts is that the risk associated with a long put is limited to the premium paid for the option. 

Need a Bear Hug?

The risks, potential rewards, and general mindset of trading from the bearish side are quite different from trading on the bullish side of the market. Traders who are new to bearish trading strategies might practice shorting stock and buying puts in a thinkorswim® paperMoney® account. This paper-trading practice can help traders get a better understanding of some of the dynamics at work on the bearish side.

In addition to practicing these strategies in a paperMoney account, be sure to take full advantage of the resources available to you. In particular, you can learn more about options at the link below. 

Why Options with TD Ameritrade?

Try platforms to match skill levels, interactive support, and no platform fees or trading minimums (commissions, service, and exception fees still apply).

Call Us
800-454-9272
adChoicesAdChoices

Market volatility, volume, and system availability may delay account access and trade executions.

Past performance of a security or strategy does not guarantee future results or success.

Options are not suitable for all investors as the special risks inherent to options trading may expose investors to potentially rapid and substantial losses. Options trading subject to TD Ameritrade review and approval. Please read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options before investing in options.

Supporting documentation for any claims, comparisons, statistics, or other technical data will be supplied upon request.

The information is not intended to be investment advice or construed as a recommendation or endorsement of any particular investment or investment strategy, and is for illustrative purposes only. Be sure to understand all risks involved with each strategy, including commission costs, before attempting to place any trade. Clients must consider all relevant risk factors, including their own personal financial situations, before trading.

This is not an offer or solicitation in any jurisdiction where we are not authorized to do business or where such offer or solicitation would be contrary to the local laws and regulations of that jurisdiction, including, but not limited to persons residing in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, UK, and the countries of the European Union.

TD Ameritrade, Inc., member FINRA/SIPC. TD Ameritrade is a trademark jointly owned by TD Ameritrade IP Company, Inc. and The Toronto-Dominion Bank. © 2018 TD Ameritrade.

Scroll to Top